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New technologies in the fight against customs fraud

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Customs fraud remains a major issue, with a significant impact on the global economy. According to estimates by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), customs fraud accounts for 3.3% of world trade, or some $500 billion annually. Fraud takes many forms, from counterfeiting to trafficking in illicit goods and tax evasion, often jeopardizing the health and safety of consumers.

In the face of this challenge, customs can draw on a range of technologies to better control and secure international trade. Foremost among these technologies are scanners and radioactivity detectors, dedicated to rapid verification of the nature and quantity of hazardous materials or illegal products in transit. Facial recognition cameras and associated algorithms also help to verify the identity of individuals, while identifying those suspected of fraudulent practices.

Online databases and supply chain traceability systems also play a key role in tracking the origin and destination of products, while spotting any potential irregularities in customs declarations.

In addition, drones and sensors are used for autonomous surveillance of borders and ports, detecting suspicious movements. Finally, enhanced artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies process huge volumes of data to detect unusual patterns that could indicate an attempt at customs fraud.

It's important to note that these technologies are often combined, and are constantly evolving. It is therefore crucial to keep abreast of the latest developments in the fight against customs fraud, and to ensure compliance with current regulations.